The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is responsible for promoting social justice and promoting decent working conditions around the world. One of the key agreements that the ILO has made is the ILO Convention No. 138, also known as the Minimum Age Convention. This agreement is designed to address the issue of child labor and set standards for minimum age for employment.
The ILO Convention No. 138 was first adopted in 1973, and it has been ratified by more than 170 countries around the world. The agreement sets out a minimum age for employment, which is typically 15 years old, although it can be lowered to 14 years old in certain circumstances. Additionally, the agreement requires that children under the age of 18 not be employed in hazardous work, which is defined as work that is likely to harm the health, safety, or morals of children.
The ILO Convention No. 138 is an important agreement because it helps to protect the rights and well-being of children around the world. Child labor is a major problem in many countries, and it can have a detrimental impact on children`s health, education, and future prospects. By setting standards for minimum age and prohibiting children from engaging in hazardous work, the ILO is working to ensure that children are able to grow up in a safe and healthy environment.
In addition to protecting children, the ILO Convention No. 138 also has broader implications for global labor standards. By setting minimum age standards, the agreement helps to ensure that workers are not exploited or forced to work under conditions that are unsafe or inappropriate for their age. This is important not only for the welfare of workers, but also for the overall stability and sustainability of the global economy.
In conclusion, the ILO Convention No. 138 is a critical agreement that helps to address the issue of child labor and set standards for minimum age for employment. By protecting children and establishing broader labor standards, the agreement helps to promote social justice and decent working conditions around the world. As an essential component of the United Nations system, the ILO is dedicated to promoting social progress and advancing the rights of workers and their families across the globe.